What is Municipal Law?
Municipal law consists of the laws of a particular city or county (“the municipality”). These laws may address a wide range of issues, including:
- Police Power
- Education Policies
- Property Taxes
- Municipal Elections
- Claims by and against Municipalities
What is a bylaw?
Bylaws are laws made by municipalities that are enforced by peace officers and development officers.
What gives a municipality authority?
The Municipal Government Act provides municipalities with the power and authority to conduct much of their own affairs.
What is Planning Law?
Planning Law concerns the land development performed by municipalities. It involves areas such as:
- Land Use Bylaws
- Development and Development Permits
- Subdivision Approval
- Appealing the Decisions of Municipal Officers
- Judicial Review of Planning and Other Decisions
What is a Land Use Bylaw?
A Land Use Bylaw establishes the rules for land developments and establishes the process of decision making for development permits. Each Land Use Bylaw has specific uses that are allowed outright, allowed on approval, and specifically prohibited.
What if I can’t meet one of the regulations under the Land Use Bylaw?
It is possible to apply for a variance on the development permit applications. You may not apply for a use that is not permitted, not included in the discretionary use or that is strictly prohibited under the bylaw.
Can I change a bylaw?
You may apply to amend a bylaw by requesting a change of a regulation, land use, or land use zone.
If it is a permitted use under the Land Use Bylaw, do I still need a permit?
Yes, even though the use is already permitted under the bylaw, a permit is still required to ensure strict compliance with the bylaw.
What is a discretionary use?
A discretionary use is a use that may be allowed, subject to the approval by the land development authority. Discretionary uses may differ from each land use zone.
Who should I contact with questions about local bylaws?
For questions about local bylaws, contact your local municipal or county office.